Lumbini is the ultimate piligrimages for every Buddhist – The Star of Asia and symbol of peace, Lord Buddha was born at Lumbini while his mother was on her way to parental home from Kapilvastu. Lumbini should be visited and seen by a person of devotion, being one of the four holy places of Buddhism. The other sites are Boudhagaya, Kushinagar and Sarnath in India. Buddha was born in Lumbini of Nepal during the full moon day in the month of Baisakh in 623 B.C. he was born under a Saal tree (Shorea Robusta) when Maya Devi (his mother) was going to her maternal town on the occasion of delivery. After the birth, Buddha took seven steps towards north, which is now shown as seven lotus flowers and, looking in all directions, he declared that “I am the foremost of all creatures to cross the riddle of the ocean of the existence, this is my last birth and here after, I will not be born again”.
This newly born Hindu Prince named Siddhartha had supernatural birth & signs, which indicated that the new born child will bring deliverance to the world. Ascetic (Rishis) warned the king that the boy might renounce the world anytime if he happen to come across: (1). The diseased, (2). The old man, (3). The dead body & (4). The ascetic. The king, alarmed to hear this, married Prince Siddhartha at an early age and almost imprisoned him in pleasure palaces providing therein all kinds of enjoyments so he will be happy and stay there. However, the prophesy came true and he became The Buddha.
Lumbini is situated in Nepal in the foot hills of Himalayas about 22 kms from Bhairahawa.
It is 230 Kms from Kathmandu, 122 kms from Gorakhpur city in Uttar Pradesh, India . 181 Kms from Kushinagar of Uttar Pradesh and 240 kms from Sravasti of Uttar Pradesh of North India.Lumbini, is the most sacred and holy place in Nepal for Buddhists where Buddha was born in 563 BCE. Lumbini is one of the four pivotal place of Buddhist pilgrimages which are related to Buddhas life. Lumbini as birthplace, Gaya where Buddha meditated, Saranath where Buddha first sermoned and Kushinagar where he rested in peace. Lumbini, Devadaha and Tilaurakot was the places where Buddha spent his early life until 29 years. Now, Mayadevi temple ( mother of Buddha ), Puskarini Lake, Asoka Pillar ( erected in 3rd century BC as which marks his visit to Lumbini ) and other many monasteries and temple are located. It is great place to be and to see peace into self. Lumbini is also UNESCO World heritage site and the most sacred pilgrimage site for Buddhists.
Gautama the Buddha was born in Lumbini in 563 B.C., in Rupandehi district of central Terai in Nepal. Gautama’s mother, Mayadevi, was on her way to her maternal house in Devdaha. As she arrived in Lumbini, she delivered her child, who surprised her mother by walking three steps immediately after birth. According to legends, she was enraptured to see his radiant face, and lotuses and water were poured from the heavens upon the new born baby. Although the holiest place for the Buddhists, Lumbini has remained largely in shadow for most of the time, due in part to the gross misinformation spread in the world community that Lumbini lies in India. After it was verified by the UNESCO as the birthplace of Gautama the Buddha and its inclusion in the world heritage list, it has slowly started to get the international limelight. A landmark achievement for the physical development and international fame for Lumbini was achieved when U Thant, the then Secretary General of the UN, visited it as a pilgrim in 1967 A. D. The Secretary Generals of the UN afterwards have taken keen interest in developing it as a beacon of world peace. Especially noteworthy are also the visit of the incumbent UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon and his enthusiasm in developing Lumbini. Nepal government has declared 2012 as Visit Lumbini Year in order to highlight its holiness and its importance to the entire humanity.
The land rises from the Terai, the southern plains at almost sea level, and short distance to the north. culminates at Sagarmatha (Everest) the highest point on earth among eight of the 10 highest mountain in the world lie in Nepal. Nepal contains a variety of climatic condition ranging from the tropical heat of the Terai plains to the freezing cold of the high Himalayas. The mid-hills, particularly the Kathmandu valley. are pleasant with warm summers and cool winters. Temperatures range between a maximum of 8 degree Celsius in the plains, 28 and 2 degrees Celsius in the Kathmandu valley, and between -6 and 16 degree Celsius in the mountains. The rainy season lasts from June to August.